Астахова Людмила Викторовна, Южно-Уральский государственный университет доктор пед. наук, профессор, профессор кафедры защиты информации Южно-Уральского государственного университета (Челябинск)
Lyudmila Astakhova, South Ural State University, Chelyabinsk, Russia, Dr. Sc. (Pedagogy), Information Protection Chair, South Ural State University, firstname.lastname@example.org, 76, Lenin ave, 454080 Chelyabinsk, Russia
The cognitive paradigm in the modern bibliographic studies
The bibliography cognitive paradigm is substantiated as essential for the modern society evolving from the being information to the cognitive one. The origins and development of the paradigm reflection in the library and bibliographic studies are discussed. The key components of the cognitive paradigm theoretical core of bibliography, namely mission, concept, terms, that make bibliography a cognitive social institution, are examined. The bibliography social mission is defined as overcoming the cognitive gap by individual and collective society actors during the transition from the information to the cognitive stage. The relevancy of bibliography would rise significantly if it increases its cognitive potential and proves to be fully fledged, independent generator and distributor of knowledge - the concept of bibliographic studies cognitive paradigm. The author demonstrates that bibliography is able to accomplish every process of knowledge transformation: its socialization, externalization, combining and internalization. Within the cognitive paradigm, bibliography is defined as a cognitive institution of the knowledge society with the purpose of knowledge generation and distribution it focuses on the system aspects of the documented knowledge conceptual content. The author also proves the need for enhancing cognitive character of library bibliographic activities and suggests tools and methods to intellectialize its cognitive and information activities. The article is sponsored by the RF Government (Order № 211 of March 16, 2013), Agreement № 02. А03.21.0011).
Гончарова Виктория Владимировна, Санкт-Петербургский государственный экономический университет, Санкт-Петербургский институт культуры канд. пед. наук, доцент Санкт-Петербургского государственного экономического университета, докторант кафедры документоведения и информационной аналитики Санкт-Петербургского института культуры и искусств
Victoria Goncharova, St. Petersburg State University of Economics, St. Petersburg, Russia; St. Petersburg State Institute of Culture, St. Petersburg, Russia, Cand. Sc. (Pedagogy), Associate Professor, St. Petersburg State University of Economics, St. Petersburg, Russia, email@example.com, 21, Sadovaya st., 191023 St. Petersburg, Russia
Abstracting lexocigraphical works
The increasing interest towards abstracting as a type of analytical and synthetical information processing due to science globalization trend, is emphasized. The professionals who study this primary information compression are bibliographers, linguists, and information specialists. The author argues that modern professors and students all have to and must learn abstracting in accordance with the international standards for scientific, research, reference and instructional works. The author points to the diversity of the national lexicographical studies and, based on the abstracts index obtained as a result of her study, characterizes the current trends in abstracting linguistic dictionaries. The key user groups are defined. Publishers’ abstracts of dictionaries are discussed and represented. The example of dictionary Internet-based abstract analysis is given (50 items). Based on the abstracts texts, main negative factors to impact information value of this secondary information source are revealed, that is: lacking data essential for users, incomplete description of targeted readership, etc. The author introduces a model plan for digital guides of Russian lexicographical works and complements the plan with the systematic aspect analysis. She concludes that abstracting is an intellectually intensive process. It is underexplored as far as lexicographical works are concerned, and offers many possibilities for further studies.
Парамонова Ирина Евгеньевна, Санкт-Петербургский государственный институт культуры аспирантка Санкт-Петербургского государственного института культуры
Irina Paramonova, St. Petersburg State Institute of Culture, St. Petersburg, Russia, Post-graduate student, St. Petersburg State Institute of Culture, рar.firstname.lastname@example.org, 2 Dvortsovaya emb., 191186 St. Petersburg, Russia
Corporate libraries: The right to life
The richness of the term “library” is revealed: from the common meaning (a depositary, collection of books and other publications) to that of the library science object (an institution, social institution). The attempt is made to identify whether corporate book collections make a document array, internal book collection, or a library. The case study of the “Laboratory of urban planning” Company (St. Petersburg) is offered. The main stages of the Company’s library development and vectors of work are discussed. Other corporate libraries’ experience is examined. The common features of the corporate and special, e.g. sci-tech, libraries, that satisfy information needs and demands in professional sphere, are revealed. The author also attempts to apply Yury Stoyarov’s four-component library model to the corporate library phenomenon. She speculates on whether the library core features are applicable to a corporate library - namely, collection purpose, document array orderliness, librarian supply. The differences between the traditional concept of a library and a library as a live self-organizing system are revealed. The need to include corporate libraries into the library science subject scope and therefore to expand social influence of librarians is emphasized.
Мохначева Юлия Валерьевна, Библиотека по естественным наукам РАН канд. пед. наук, и. о. заведующей отделом наукометрических исследований Библиотеки по естественным наукам РАН
Yulia Mokhnacheva, RAS Library for Natural Sciences, Moscow, Russia, Cand. Sc. (Pedagogy), Acting Head, Scientometric Studies Department, RAS Library for Natural Sciences, email@example.com, 11/11, Znamenka st., 119991 Moscow, Russia
Цветкова Валентина Алексеевна, Библиотека по естественным наукам РАН доктор техн. наук, профессор, заместитель директора по научной работе Библиотеки по естественным наукам РАН
Valentina Tsvetkova, RAS Library for Natural Sciences, Moscow, Russia, Dr. Sc. (Technology), Professor, Deputy Director for Science and Research, RAS Library for Natural Sciences, firstname.lastname@example.org, 11/11, Znamenka st., 119991 Moscow, Russia
Bibliometrics and modern scientific libraries
The authors examine the possibilities of bibliometrics enhancing and complementing information and library processes to support scientific research: applying bibliometric analysis of science organizations’ document flows to monitor publication activities; using bibliometric methods to design and support scientific research in various subjects, and to organize certain library processes, e.g. collection development and user information demand study; and dating of relevant information. The authors focus on the bibliometrics fundamental importance for exploring processes of document information flows. They argue that the introduction of bibliometric procedures in scientific libraries would increase their status and make them actors of academic communication system. The examples are given of using bibliometrics for detecting fraud and adulteration schemes in science practice. The key methods and procedures of bibliometric research in scientific libraries are characterized. Main risks due to the introduction of bibliometrics into scientific research are defined. The authors emphasize the scientific libraries’ need for competent librarians which means developing continuous professional education system; within this context workshops and training courses, instructional aids and recommendations, training professionals at universities are also important.
Бескаравайная Елена Вячеславовна, Центральная библиотека Пущинского научного центра РАН (БЕН РАН) старший научный сотрудник Центральной библиотеки Пущинского научного центра РАН (отдел БЕН РАН)
Elena Beskaravaynaya, Central Library, RAS Pushchino Research Center (RAS Library for Natural Sciences Branch), Pushchino, Moscow Oblast, Russia, Senior Researcher, Central Library, RAS Pushchino Research Center (RAS Library for Natural Sciences Branch), email@example.com, 3, Institutskaya st., 142290 Pushchino, Moscow Oblast, Russia
Харыбина Татьяна Николаевна, Центральная библиотека Пущинского научного центра РАН (БЕН РАН) старший научный сотрудник Центральной библиотеки Пущинского научного центра РАН (отдел БЕН РАН), заслуженный работник культуры РФ
Tatiana Kharybina, Central Library, RAS Pushchino Research Center (RAS Library for Natural Sciences Branch), Pushchino, Moscow Oblast, Russia, Senior Researcher, Central Library, RAS Pushchino Research Center (RAS Library for Natural Sciences Branch), Natsl@vega.protres.ru, 3, Institutskaya st., 142290 Pushchino, Moscow Oblast, Russia
Comparative analysis of RAS Pushchino Research Center’s publication activities
The authors present the study based on the data of the leading information and bibliographic resources, namely Web of Science Core Collection and Scopus. The complex comparative analysis of scientific activities of the scientists of the research institutes of Pushchino Research Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences was accomplished. Their publication activities and citations are evaluated, and information sources used in bibliometric analysis are compared. The bibliometric study focused on the document information flow by Pushchino scientists as a special component of the information environment. The big volume of collected data on the publication activities of RAS Pushchino Research Center enables to define the most productive and most cited authors; to correlate between publication type and citation; to reveal international contacts of the scientists and researchers; to reveal organization funding basic research; to make foundation for mining patterns in the development of research areas in physicochemical biology most significant for the Center. The case study reveals that the Russian Academy of Sciences Pushchino Research Center holds leading positions and has a promising intellectual potential.
Вахрушев Максим Васильевич, ГПНТБ России канд. пед. наук, старший научный сотрудник ГПНТБ России
Maxim Vakhrushev, Russian National Public Library for Science and Technology, Moscow, Russia, Cand. Sc. (Pedagogy), Senior Researcher, Russian National Public Library for Science and Technology, firstname.lastname@example.org, 17, 3rd Khoroshevskaya st., 123298 Moscow, Russia
The RNPLS&T’s Science Archive Portal in the scientific communication system
Scientific communication infrastructure is examined by the example of the Russian National Public Library for Science and Technology. The functional features of RNPLS&T’s Science Archive are discussed. Types of scientific works to be indexed via the portal are presented. Statistics of the Science Archive representation is given, and the metadata being stored is characterized. The author analyzes the ranking methods for academic works, and cites statistical ranking data for different types of scientific works, e. g. articles or learning aids, etc. The МоngoDB DBMS makes the technological foundation for the Science Archive. Academic works indices, user account data, database retrieval data, metadata of academic works indexed by the Internet search servers are implemented and operate in compliance with the Open Access protocols. The depositing functionality is licensed to the Science Archive by a copyright owner. The author concludes that in the information and technological society a common researcher and a prominent scientists may lack the communication environment. This evidences that the Science Archive and similar portals make the essential part of the vast science environment.
Власова Светлана Александровна, Библиотека по естественным наукам РАН канд. техн. наук, ведущий научный сотрудник БЕН РАН
Svetlana Vlasova, RAS Library for Natural Sciences, Moscow, Russia, Cand. Sc. (Technology), Leading Researcher, RAS Library for Natural Sciences, email@example.com, 11/11, Znamenka st., 119991 Moscow, Russia
The digital library of the proceedings of the workshop “Information Support of Science: New Technologies”
The author reviews the e-library of the proceedings of the scientific workshop: Information Support of Science: New Technologies, hold by the RAS Library for Natural Sciences since 1985. The original computer system to support the e-library was designed by the Library specialists in 2005. The author examines the EL information foundation comprising four databases (personalia, institutions, sources, publications), and the entry structure. Today, the new version of the software has been developed, and all information accumulated in the former EL version has been converted into the new one. The new integrated computer system consists of the administration and user modules: the data are entered and edited within the former, and the latter is a special retrieval system for searching articles in the EL. The electronic library of the workshop proceedings is available free via the RAS LNS website (http://www.benran.ru/ libsem/). Search by various fields is characterized: by words in the title, by author’s name, year of publication, (author’s) institution. The queries examples are given, the navigation through bibliographic entry elements is demonstrated.
Бабиева Наталья Анатольевна, Казанский государственный институт культуры канд. пед. наук, доцент кафедры информационных технологий и режиссуры мультимедиа Казанского государственного института культуры
Natalia Babieva, Kazan State Institute of Culture, Kazan, Republic of Tatarstan, Russia, Cand. Sc. (Pedagogy), Associate Professor, Kazan State Institute of Culture, Kazan, Republic of Tatarstan, Russia, firstname.lastname@example.org, 142/1, Voenny gorodok 2, 420059 Kazan, Republic of Tatarstan, Russia
Ключенко Тамара Ивановна, Казанский государственный институт культуры доктор пед. наук, профессор, председатель Диссертационного совета Д 210.005.01 «Библиотековедение, библиографоведение и книговедение» Казанского государственного института культуры, заслуженный деятель науки Республики Татарстан, лауреат премии Правительства РФ в области образования
Tamara Klyuchenko, Kazan State Institute of Culture, Kazan, Republic of Tatarstan, Russia, Dr. Sc. (Pedagogy), Professor, Head, Information Technology and Producing Multimedia Chair, Kazan State Institute of Culture, kluchenkoT@rambler.ru, 3, Orenburgsky tract, 420059 Kazan, Republic of Tatarstan, Russia
Дрешер Юлия Николаевна, Республиканский медицинский библиотечно-информационный центр, Казань доктор пед. наук, профессор, директор Республиканского медицинского библиотечно-информационного центра, заслуженный работник культуры Республики Татарстан, отличник здравоохранения РФ, лауреат премии Правительства РФ в области образования (Казань)
Julia Drescher, Republican Medical Library Information Center, Kazan, Republic of Tatarstan, Russia, Dr. Sc. (Pedagogy), Professor, Director, Republican Medical Library Information Center, Dresher07@yandex.ru, 125, Khadi-Taktash st., 420059 Kazan, Republic of Tatarstan, Russia
Distance library education in the era of globalization and information technologies: The experience and prospects
The current period is characterized by intensive informatization and globalization processes and stimulates building the single education space. At the same time, the ongoing transformations in the library area makes adjustments in the content of training librarians. The expanding information and technological environment requires libraries to adapt as fast as possible. The authors emphasize that building a complex library infrastructure is impossible without highly competent specialists. The authors suggest that distance learning is a promising trend in training library and information specialists in the single education space. They review the experience of distance learning in Kazan State Institute of Culture where it is introduced in several disciplines. The results of satisfaction survey are presented. The difference in the opinions of the full-time and off-campus students is demonstrated. Based on the survey, the authors conclude that most of the students are not ready to switch to distance learning. Main provisions for the highly efficient distance education, its main advantages and disadvantages are revealed. Introduction of distance learning is seen as essential for increasing efficiency of the Russian higher library schools.
Клюев Владимир Константинович, Московский государственный институт культуры, Московский государственный лингвистический университет канд. пед. наук, профессор, заведующий кафедрой управления информационно-библиотечной деятельностью Московского государственного института культуры, профессор кафедры библиотечно-информационной деятельности Московского государственного лингвистического университета, почётный работник высшего профессионального образования РФ
Vladimir Kluev, Moscow State Institute of Culture, Moscow State Linguistic University, Moscow, Russia, Cand. Sc. (Pedagogy), Professor, Head of Information Library Services Management Chair, Moscow State Institute of Culture; Professor, Library and Information Work Chair, Moscow State Linguistic University, email@example.com, 7, Bibliotechnaya st., 141406 Khimki, Moscow Oblast, Russia
Nikolay Kartashov’s heritage today
The author reviews the subject scope and the presentations of the inter-university research and practical conference hold on the occasion of the 90-th anniversary of Professor Nikolay Kartashov (1928-2011), a prominent library scientist, an architect of the USSR librarianship, the USSR Honored Worker of Culture. It is Nikolay Kartashov who was the first to substantiate the system approach principle in the library studies, and to develop the concepts of regional and comparative library studies. At the conference, the significance of Kartashov’s personality and science concepts were objectified within the context of modern library science. The participants focused on characterizing Kartashov as a scholar, administrator, and pedagogue. In their discussion, problematic, and practice-oriented papers, theoretical, methodological and methodical aspects were analyzed. The participants were examining the term “regional library studies” within the modern context and the possibility to apply this relevant concept in the professional library education and library practice. The Conference specific feature was the wide range of poster papers; the speakers revealed Kartashov’s contribution into the library science and practice, in particular, methodological approaches and theoretical tools of the regional library studies, the concepts of library management based on functional modeling, revamping the system of territorial library services, etc.